Most individuals spend time in or round chlorinated swimming swimming pools throughout summer time. It’s like a contemporary staple of holidays and heat summer time days. As adults, typically we swim with the children. And typically we simply lie again in seashore chairs and calm down. As an allergic asthmatic, typically I discover this induces sinus and bronchial asthma points – typically not. So, what’s the deal?
Why do swimming pools set off allergy and bronchial asthma signs?
To start with, a majority of swimming pools have chlorine in them. That is essential to take away micro organism and different germs. It’s wanted to maintain the water clear. It’s the chlorine that offers off that robust odor that typically emanates round indoor swimming pools. That is what we’ve been instructed for years.
However, not so quick.
Fashionable researchers now say it’s not the chlorine that you simply odor round swimming pools. And it’s not the chlorine that causes these signs. It’s chemical reactions that happen when chlorine comes into contact with natural matter.1-2
The natural matter that I’m referring to is sweat, filth, pee, and poop. When these items enter the pool water, they react with the chlorine. This causes chemical reactions that emit gases into the ambiance.
It’s these gases that create that robust chlorine odor, not the chlorine itself. Likewise, it’s these gases that trigger allergy and bronchial asthma signs, not the chlorine itself.
Some individuals theorize that the stronger the chlorine odor round swimming pools the extra chlorine was put into it. Certain, this will maintain true for some swimming pools. However, in response to this new proof, the stronger the chlorine odor round swimming pools the extra urine is put into it.
So, this may clarify why you solely typically odor that robust chlorine odor. It might clarify why you solely typically expertise allergy and bronchial asthma signs round swimming pools.
It’s probably to happen in neighborhood swimming pools the place a number of individuals of all ages swim. It’s additionally extra more likely to happen round indoor swimming swimming pools. Outside swimming swimming pools have much better air flow.1-Three
And it’s not simply swimmer’s. Any one who spends time round a pool (significantly massive, public indoor swimming pools) is at an elevated threat of bronchial asthma and allergy signs. This contains employees.2
So, what do these chemical compounds do to airways?
These chemical compounds are usually not allergens, so you may’t be allergic to them. Nonetheless, they’ll irritate cells lining your respiratory tract and sinuses. They’re simply aerosolized. They’re inhaled and impression cells lining your airways and sinuses.
In these of us with a predisposition to allergy symptoms and bronchial asthma, our immune methods reply to those chemical compounds. They launch their very own chemical compounds, referred to as inflammatory chemical compounds. These inflammatory chemical compounds trigger irritation of cells lining your sinuses and airways. (This additionally occurs to your eyes, inflicting red-eye.)
This irritation causes allergic rhinitis. For this reason your head feels stuffy. It’s why you sniffle and sneeze. It might even clarify these chlorine complications we get. It might additionally trigger bronchial asthma signs, akin to chest tightness and shortness of breath.
Can these signs be prevented?
The CDC extremely recommends that folks take showers earlier than coming into swimming pools. They suggest individuals not enter swimming pools if they’ve diarrhea. They usually suggest that folks give kids breaks from the water each hour or so. They suggest for fogeys to present their youngsters toilet breaks. These are makes an attempt to stop natural materials from moving into the pool. It’s to stop them from interacting with chlorine to supply these undesirable gases within the air round swimming pools.four
The American School of Allergy, Bronchial asthma, and Immunology (ACAAI) recommends we do our half too. They counsel we work with our docs to acquire good management of our allergy symptoms and bronchial asthma. This manner swimming pools are much less more likely to set off signs.5
So, the concept right here is that, with correct care of swimming pools, individuals with allergy symptoms and bronchial asthma shouldn’t should miss out on all of the pool enjoyable.

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