Low-dose CT screening helps diagnose lung cancer early

By MARIE NESMITH

Furthering its efforts to diagnose lung most cancers early, Cartersville Medical Heart is selling the advantages of low-dose CT scans.”Low dose lung screening CT is a screening test for those at increased risk for lung cancer,” stated Dr. Jay Curtin, president of Summit Radiology Providers and medical director of imaging at Cartersville Medical Heart. “As the name suggests, it is a computed tomography (CT) scan — or CAT scan — of the chest, which allows much better visualization of the lungs than a standard chest X-ray. This allows us to find lung cancer when [it’s] much smaller, and with a much higher chance of cure. It is similar to a standard chest CT — the biggest difference is the radiation dose is lowered to decrease the dose of radiation to the patient compared with a standard chest CT.”The examination usually takes 5 minutes from begin to end and doesn’t contain any particular preparation that many medical exams require. No IV or intravenous distinction is required. When you’ve got threat elements for lung most cancers, similar to smoking, this check will probably be useful. … Bartow County has one of many highest smoking charges within the state. Subsequently, we see a better incidence of lung most cancers right here than elsewhere within the state of Georgia.”Since implementing the low-dose CT screening in 2014, CMC’s Imaging Services Department has conducted 523 scans, which detected 10 instances of cancer. Curtin said the national average is one cancer detection out of every 300 scans.”The science behind this check has been very effectively studied,” Curtin said. “The Nationwide Lung Most cancers Screening Trial — which was an eight-year trial, outcomes printed within the New England Journal of Drugs in 2011 — confirmed that if you happen to obtained [a] common, low-dose lung screening CT, your threat of dying from lung most cancers was lowered by 15 [to] 20 p.c. That is just like the discount in loss of life charge from breast most cancers achieved by mammography. All people who smoke ought to talk about having this yearly check with their major care physician.”Noting certain smokers and former smokers should receive the LDCT screen each year, Roxanne Miles — oncology nurse navigator for The Hope Center at CMC — urges these individuals to include this test on their “annual preventative well being care record.” “Lung most cancers is the uncontrolled progress of irregular cells that begin off in a single or each lungs,” she said. “Lung cancers are normally grouped into two major sorts known as small cell and non-small cell. A majority of these lung cancers develop in another way and are handled in another way. In an effort to be recognized with lung most cancers it’s a must to have pathology outcomes that affirm what sort of most cancers you might need after which completely different remedy plans could be decided by your physician.”According to the CDC, cigarette smoking causes about 90 percent of lung cancer deaths in the United States. The most important thing you can do to prevent lung cancer is to not smoke. If anybody takes anything from this article, I hope they know smoking causes lung cancer, so don’t smoke and quit if you do. If you have smoked — quit in the last 15 years — or smoke and you are between the ages of 55 [and] 77, you should have a yearly lung screening. Look at this as another preventative health screening test, like getting your skin checked for skin cancer or having a colonoscopy done to check for colon cancer. Add this to your annual preventative health care list. Other things to prevent lung cancer include avoiding secondhand smoke and carcinogens in the workplace and at home.”  Echoing Curtin’s feedback, Miles additionally underscored the significance of early detection.”I can’t say that lung cancers are necessarily on the rise in Bartow County, but I can say that we diagnose a lot of lung cancers every year,” Miles stated. “There are a lot of people that smoke in Bartow County, and this is one of the factors that resulted in the inception of the LDCT screening program at Cartersville Medical Center. The goal of the LDCT screening program is to detect lung cancer at an early stage, before it has spread or has gotten to a point that the cancer is not curable.”When lung most cancers is discovered at an early stage, many instances it may be cured.  Sadly, we do proceed to seek out late stage lung cancers. Nonetheless, since we began the LDCT lung screening program, we’ve got been discovering extra early stage lung cancers. Final 12 months alone, the low-dose lung screening program discovered three Stage 1 lung cancers, and one Stage 2, which is the entire level of this system.  Additionally, there are extra remedy choices for lung most cancers sufferers than there has ever been.”For insurance to cover the screening, certain criteria need to be met.”Lung most cancers most frequently doesn’t give sufferers signs till the lung most cancers is just too far superior to be cured,” said Dr. Melissa Rhodes, a physician with Respiratory Consultants of Georgia. “Lung most cancers screening (LDCT) is so necessary, giving physicians a software to detect lung most cancers a lot earlier, significantly bettering possibilities for treatment. My hope is that every one people who smoke and former people who smoke who qualify get yearly screenings in order that I might help extra sufferers sooner.”Patients qualify for LDCT screening if they have smoked a minimum of 30 pack years, are between the ages of 55 [and] 77 years old and are still smoking or have quit smoking within the last 15 years,” she stated, referring to standards that must be met for Medicare and different insurances to cowl the screening. “A  ‘pack year’ is defined as smoking one pack a day for a year. For example, if an individual smokes two packs day for 15 years, their pack year is 30 years.” 

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